Amritsar is a city in the northwestern Indian state of Punjab, 28 kilometers from the border with Pakistan. At the center of its walled old town, the gilded Golden Temple (Harmandir Sahib) is the holiest gurdwara (religious complex) of the Sikh religion. It’s at the end of a causeway, surrounded by the sacred Amrit Sarovar tank (lake), where pilgrims bathe.
Amritsar is one of the biggest urban communities of the Punjab state in India. The city starting point lies in the town of Tung, and was named after the lake established by the fourth Sikh Guru Ram Das in 1574 on land purchased by him for 700 rupees from the proprietors of the town of Tung. Prior, Guru Ram Das had started construction Santokhsar Sarovar, close to the town of Sultanwind in 1564. It couldn't be finished before 1588. In 1574, Guru Ram Das constructed his residence and moved to this place. Around then, it was known as Guru Da Chakk. The Jallianwala Bagh slaughter, including the killing of several Indian regular citizens on the requests of a senior British military officer, Reginald Edward Harry Dyer, occurred on 13 April 1919 in the heart of Amritsar, the holiest city of the Sikhs, on a day sacred to them as the birth anniversary of the Khalsa.
Being situated on the National Highway 1, Amritsar is all around associated by street. Day by day transport administrations, including both government and private run, to and from Ambala, Patiala, Delhi, Chandigarh and Jammu.
The Amritsar Railway Station interfaces the city to all real Indian urban areas including Delhi, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Agra, Ahmedabad, Kolkata and Chandigarh.
Situated around 11 km far from the downtown area, the Sri Guru Ram Das Jee International Airport of Amritsar has more than 160 local and worldwide flights. There are every day non-stop flights to and from Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Chandigarh, London, Doha, Dubai and Kuala Lumpur.