Andhra Pradesh is a state bordering India?s southeastern coast. Major cultural landmarks include Tirumala Venkateswara Temple, an ornate hilltop shrine to Hindu?s Vishnu, in the southern part of the state. It?s visited by tens of millions of pilgrims annually. The major northern port of Visakhapatnam has popular beaches like Ramakrishna and Rishikonda lining the Bay of Bengal, offering spots for swimming and surfing.
The state was made up of two distinct cultural regions ? Rayalaseema and Coastal Andhra. It is to be noted that Andhra State was created in 1953 but it hadn't included a few Telugu speaking areas in from Hyderabad State. After the state reorganisation act 1956, Andhra Pradesh became the first state in India under the State reorganisation act in 1956.
Andhra Pradesh is said to have been the home of the Pre Dravidian inhabitants. Andhra region witnessed the rule of Chandragupta Maurya during which it established itself as an independent kingdom.
After Ashoka, the Mauryan empire declined giving opportunity to establish smaller kingdoms. In about the third century BC the Satavahanas ruled for about five centuries. The Satavahanas established a strong rule with their territories extending upto Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh. The Satavahanas were overpowered by the Ikshvakus by the third century AD. During this period Brahmanism is said to have been revived. This reduced the influence of the Buddhist which was fostered by the Satavahanas.
By the end of the third century AD the Pallavas of Kanchi put an end to the rule of the Ikshavakus. By 4th century AD the Anandas established their rule which lasted till 6th century. During the 7thcentury the Eastern Chalukyas exercised their power for about four centuries. The Kakatiyas who were the feudatories of the Eastern Chalukyas became independent in about the 12th century.
In 1332 AD Ulugh tablished themselves. The Reddi Kingdom of Kondavidu; the Velama kingdom, the Vijayanagar Kingdom also ruled independently. The rule of Muhammad Tughlag witnessed the rise of the independent Muslim Power at Bijapur. This was under the Bahamani Sultanate. In 1518 the Sultan Qili Qutub Shah declared himself independent and founded the Qutub Shah dynasty which existed till 1687. During this period literature, art and architect are advanced. The city of Hyderabad was laid in 1591 by Muhammad Quli Qutub Shah. The Mughals put an end to the Qutub Shahi rule in 1687. After this the Asafjahis called Nizams emerged. They influenced Andhra Pradesh till the 18th century till Andhra Pradesh was ceded to the East India Company. Gradually the whole of Andhra Pradesh except Hyderabad was under the British till 1947. In 1956 Andhra Pradesh was declared as a state.
Language And Culture
Telugu is considered as the main and official language of the State. Apart from Telugu there are many other languages like Urdu, Hindi, Banjara, and English are the main languages spoken in Andhra Pradesh, followed by Tamil, Kannada, Marathi and Oriya.
Andhra Pradesh, also known as the Rice Bowl of India is like a melting pot of varied cultures. It is a region which has been governed by different dynasties and empires. This diverse exposure to the cultures and traditions of the empires has had an indelible influence in forming the Culture of Andhra Pradesh. The conglomeration of many cultures has formed the present day culture of the region. Some of the primary rulers of the region were the Ikshvakus, Pallavas, Chalukyas, Kakatiyas, Vijayanagars and Mughals.
Festivals are celebrated so as to bring people even closer to each other and to enjoy the spirit of every event. Festivals belonging to every religion are celebrated here by everybody with the exact same enthusiasm and love. These festivals include Diwali, Makar Sankranti, Holi, Eid-ul-Fitr.
Blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra)
Indian roller (Coracias benghalensis benghalensis)
Water Lilly (Nymphaeaceae)
Neem (Azadirachta indica)
1.Venkateswara Swami Temple
4.Kanaka Durga Temple
How to Reach
Andhra Pradesh has airports which have access to international flights, domestic and some non used airstrips for emergency purposes. All these airports are under the governance of Airport Authority of India. Andhra Pradesh Airports provides services to tourists and the state population commuting to different parts of the state. Vishakhapatnam Airport gets the major attention for commercial reasons. Tirupati Airport and Puttaparthi Airport are the major airports which serve major pilgrim population.
The main railhead of Andhra Pradesh is located in Visakhapatnam, The railway station is under the control of East Coast Railway of Indian Railways. It stands on the Howrah-Chennai main line, though the mainline bypasses Visakhapatnam Central Station. Consequently, a suburban halt on the mainline near Vizag Steel Plant, known as Duvvada, is being developed into a major station to improve services for the city.
The state of Andhra Pradesh is well connected to other parts of the country through the road network. About 4, 104 km of the National Highways network pass through the state of Andhra Pradesh.