Chandigarh is the only city in India which is the capital of two Indian states, Haryana and Punjab. It is also a union territory and is counted among some of the finest examples of well planned cities with good quality modern architecture. It is situated at the foothills of shivaliks, the city derives its name from the famous Chandi mandir located at the nearby area chosen for developing the site for the city. "Chandi" is the goddess of power and "garh" is the fort of goddess chandi. The city is known for its picturesque location, with beautiful surroundings and gardens. Therefore, it is referred as "THE BEAUTIFUL CITY" due to the central grid of gardens.
It is the first planned city of India after independence and it is known for its urban designs and architecture. The history of this city is quite interesting as well. The area on which the city is developed is supposed to been the house of Harappa’s 8000 years ago. The sloping plain on which the city is developed was a lake surrounded by marshy land. During the medieval and modern era, this area was a part of Punjab province. This Punjab province was later divided into East and West Punjab during partition, which was later decided to serve as a capital of East Punjab and to house various refugees from the Western Punjab. The foundation stone of the city of Chandigarh was laid in the year 1952. At the time of reorganization of the city in the year 1966, it was decided that Chandigarh will serve as the capital of the states of Haryana as well as Punjab, and was declared as one of the Union Territories of India that would come under direct administrative control of the Government of India. The city is considered to be the dream city of the first prime minister of India Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru.
Chandigarh has various visitor attractions including theme gardens within the city. Some of the notable places are
1) Sector -17 Plaza
2) Government museum and Art gallery
3) Rock garden
4) Shankar's International Dolls Museum
5) Sukhna lake
6) Parrot bird sanctuary
7) Leisure valley
Chandigarh has excellent road connectivity with other neighbouring cities. Many direct buses are available from cities like Mussoorie, Simla, Mcleodganj, Dharamsala, Delhi, Kullu etc. The National Highway 1 connects Chandigarh with Delhi, which takes around 4 to 5 hours.
Located about 8 km away from the city centre, Chandigarh Railway Station has several frequent trains plying from New Delhi. From the railway station, you can take buses, autos or taxis to reach any place of the city.
Located around 12 km away from the city centre, Chandigarh Airport links the city with rest of the country by an extensive network of domestic flights. Regular flights from Bangalore, Mumbai, Chennai, Delhi, Srinagar and Ahmedabad are available for Chandigarh.View More | About | History | Language And Culture | State Symbols | Top Attractions | Top Cities | How To Reach