Karnataka is a state in southwest India with Arabian Sea coastlines. This state is surrounded by the Arabian Sea, Laccadive sea, Goa, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.The capital, Bengaluru (formerly Bangalore), is a high-tech hub known for its shopping and nightlife. To the southwest, Mysore is home to lavish temples including Mysore Palace, former seat of the region?s maharajas. Hampi, once the medieval Vijayanagara empire?s capital, contains ruins of Hindu temples, elephant stables and a stone chariot.
The Land blessed with holy rivers Cauveri, Sharavathi, Thungbadra & Ghataprabha, and covered by great western Ghats and Arabian Sea and spread over the deccan plateau situated in the southern part of India made lovely land to live with.Andhra Pradesh is towards the east, the Arabian Sea to the west, Maharashtra and Goa to the north and northwest and Kerala & Tamilnadu to the South.
Karnataka is known as Karunadu which means elevated land in ancient times, the history of Karnataka can be traced to the pre-historic ages. The Maurya dynasty of North India was the first kingdom to hold sway over vast swathes of the state. Chandragupta Maurya, the greatest of the Maurya rulers, relinquished his throne and converted to Jainism in Shravanabelagola. Since then, a great many dynasties have ruled Karnataka enriching the land's heritage with their distinctive culture and values.
The Sathavahanas, the Kadambas and the Gangas were the first indigenous dynasties to rule Karnataka. The Kadambas usurped the throne of the Pallavas of Kanchi and built their capital in Banavasi. The Gangas of Kolar held their reign till 999 AD when they fell to the Badami Chalukyas. The Chalukyas emerged as a great power of that time and brought the whole of Karnataka under their rule.
The Hoysalas, who succeeded the Chalukyas, were also great patrons of art and they built some exquisite temples in Belur and Halebid. The successive invasions by the Delhi Sultanate at that time led to the formation of the Vijayanagara Empire. The Vijayanagara rulers ushered in an epoch of glory in the history of Karnataka.
After the collapse of the Vijayanagara Empire, the Adil Shahi and Bahmani dynasties emerged stronger and they created in Bijapur some of the earliest Islamic architecture of Karnataka. Karnataka became a part of the British rule when Tipu Sultan was defeated after a brief period of valiant resistance. The British constituted the state of Mysore with the Wodeyar kings as their governors. The state was renamed as Karnataka on November 1, 1973.
Language And Culture
Kannada is the official language of Karnataka and is spoken as a native language in Karnataka. However the local indigenous population of the state also speak other languages. The state of Karnataka has a strong cultural and historical background which is manifested in the rich development of language and literature of the region. English is also preferred for communication. There is a substantial English-speaking population due to the spread of higher education and the burgeoning IT industry.
The culture of Karnataka is a "wide spectrum" of different customs and traditions. Kannadigas, contribute towards the rich cultural heritage. Karnataka's culture proves to be a true delight to every native and tourist. Karnataka people, culture, festivals portray a wide variety and festivals are indeed an area that is of worth speculation. The traditional attire of the people is sari for women and Dhoti with peta (head gear) for men.
The Karnataka people, culture and festivals has a strong bearing upon its past. The kingdoms that ruled in Karnataka has left an indelible mark on the lifestyle of the people of the state. Thus, we can find an admixture of cultural traits from the Sultans and the other Hindu kings.
Asian elephant (Elephas maximus)
Indian roller (Coracias indica)
Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera)
Sandalwood (Santalum album)
2.Mysore Maharajah's Palace
5.Lal Bagh Botanical Garden
How to Reach
Karnataka is well connected to all the parts of India and rest of the world through the air network. It has airports in Bangalore, Mangalore, Hampi, Hubli, Belgaum, Bijapur and Mysore (not operational). The Mangalore international airport and the HAL airport in Bangalore are the two airports that offer international flights to and fro Karnataka.
Major railway station in Karnataka is in Bangalore. Being connected to Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai, Hyderabad, Sikkim, Chennai, Kolkata and Jammu, the railway head in the city offers maximum number of trains to commute every day. Almost every town and city in Karnataka can be reached by railway service.
Owned by the Government of Karnataka, Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC), connects the state to other major cities and states. Besides, NEKRTC and NWKRTC are the two other road transport corporation in Karnataka, making commuting more easier by making remote areas and other places more accessible through the road network.