Manipur

About

Manipur is a state in Northeast India, with the city of Imphal as its capital. It is bounded by Nagaland to the north, Mizoram to the south, and Assam to the west; Burma lies to its east. The state covers an area of 22,327 square kilometres and has a population of almost 3 million, including the Meitei, who are the majority group in the state, Kuki and Naga peoples. Due to its wealth of flora and fauna, Manipur is described as a ?flower on lofty heights?, ?a jewel of India? and ?Switzerland of the East?. Its breath-taking scenic beauty makes it a tourist?s paradise.Manipur has the highest number of handicrafts units as well as the highest number of craft persons comprising skilled and semi-skilled artisans in the entire north-eastern region. Handlooms is the largest cottage industry in Manipur and the state ranks among the top five in terms of the number of looms in the country. Manipur has primarily an agrarian economy, with significant hydroelectric power generation potential. Manipur is home to many sports, the origin of Manipuri dance and is credited with introducing polo to Europeans.

History

The ancient history of Manipur is unclear and disputed. According to one tradition, the Manipuri people are the Gandharvas musicians and dancers in the Vedic texts. Historic texts of the Manipuri people refer to the region as Gandharva desa. The ancient Sanskrit texts, such as the Mahabharata epic, mentions Manipur as the place where Arjuna meets and falls in love with Chitrangada. Shiva and Parvati are part of the legendary Khamba Thoibi love story in Manipur tradition. In centuries thereafter, royal spouses came also from what is now modern Assam, Bengal, Uttar Pradesh along with ancient Dravidian kingdoms, and other regions. Another manuscript suggests that Muslims arrived in Manipur in the 17th century, from what is now Bangladesh, during the reign of Meidingu Khagemba. In the late 19th century, the British Empire in the Indian subcontinent annexed Manipur, with its status maintained as a princely state. During World War II, Manipur was the scene of many fierce battles between Japanese invaders and British Indian forces. The Japanese were beaten back before they could enter Imphal, which was one of the turning points of the overall war. In 2004, the government lifted the disturbed status after a violent attack on a local woman. The rape of Thangjam Manorama Devi by members of the Assam Rifles paramilitary had led to wide protests including a nude protest by the Meira Paibis women association. Despite the change in status, the Indian military has a base of administration in Manipur and occupies the state.

Language And Culture

Language: Manipuri Meiteilon, also called Meitei. The official languages are Meitei language and English.Tibeto-Burman language spoken predominantly in Manipur, a northeastern state of India. Culture: Manipuris takes the pride of a rich cultural heriatage. The people of Manipur strongly adhere to their customs and religious belief and are very superspitious. The Manipuris are peace loving with lot of creativity and very artistic in nature which is exhibited in their handloom and handicrafts. The people of Manipur celebrate lot of fairs and festivals which is always accompanied by vibrant dances and music.

State symbols

State Animal: Sangai (Rucervus eldii eldii) State Bird: Nongyeen (Syrmaticus humiae) State Flower: Siroi lily (Lilium mackliniae) State Tree: Uningthou (Phoebe hainesiana)

Top Attractions

1.Manipur State Museum 2.INA Museum 3.Kangla Fort 4.Matai Garden 5.Sadu chiru waterfalls

Top Cities

1.Imphal 2.Moreh 3.Kakching 4.Andro 5.Mayang

How to Reach

By Air: Manipur has an airport located at its capital city Imphal. The airport at Imphal is well connected with major Indian Cities like Delhi, Kolkata and Guwahati. Indian airlines have regular operation to this city and other important cities in the North-East of India. By Train: The state of Manipur has a railway station in Modpur which receives trains from some parts of the country. Besides, other northeastern cities like Guwahati, Dimapur, Silchar which have railway stations and are serviced by important trains to and from the rest of the country. From these cities one can reach Manipur by road. By Road: The road network is quite efficient in Manipur. National Highway 39 connects Manipur with major cities like Guwahati, Dimapur, Kohima, Schilchar in the northeastern part on India.