Mizoram is a state in Northeast India, with Aizawl as its capital city. The name is derived from "Mizo", the name of the native inhabitants, and "Ram", which means land, and thus Mizoram means "land of the Mizos". Within the northeast region, it is the southernmost landlocked state, sharing borders with three of the Seven Sister States, namely Tripura, Assam and Manipur. The state also shares a 722 kilometre border with the neighbouring countries of Bangladesh and Myanmar.
This is the highest concentration of tribal people among all states of India, and they are currently protected under Indian constitution as a Scheduled Tribe. Mizoram is one of three states of India with a Christian majority. Its people belong to various denominations, mostly Presbyterian in its north and Baptists in south.
Mizoram is a highly literate agrarian economy, but suffers from shifting cultivation and poor crop yields. In recent years, the jhum farming practices are steadily being replaced with a significant horticulture and bamboo products industry. It is also a growing transit point for trade with Myanmar and Bangladesh.
The origin of the Mizos, like those of many other tribes in the northeastern India, is shrouded in mystery. The people living in the Mizo Hills were generally referred to as the Cucis or Kukis by their neighbouring ethnic groups which was also a term adopted by the British writers. The claim that 'The Kukis are the earliest known residents of the Mizo hills area,' must be read in this light.
Before the British Raj, the various Mizo clans lived in autonomous villages. The tribal chiefs enjoyed an eminent position in the gerontocratic Mizo society. The various clans and subclans practised slash-and-burn, locally called jhum cultivation a form of subsistence agriculture.
Some of the earliest records of raids and intertribal conflicts are from the early 19th century. In the 1840s, Captain Blackwood of Britain marched into the Mizo Hills with his troops to punish a Palian tribal chief for raiding British interests in India. A few years later, Captain Lester was wounded in a battle with the Lusei tribe in the region that is now Mizoram. After Christian missionaries arrived with the gospel, the majority of the population became Christians in the first half of the 20th century.
In 1971, the government agreed to convert the Mizo Hills into a Union Territory, which came into being as Mizoram in 1972. Following the Mizoram Peace Accord (1986) between the Government and the MNF, Mizoram was declared a full-fledged state of India in 1987. Mizoram was given two seats in the Parliament, one each in the Lok Sabha and in the Rajya Sabha. The region has been peaceful in recent decades.
Language And Culture
Mizo is the official language and the most widely used language for verbal interactions in Mizoram and English being important for education, administration, formalities and governance, is widely used. The Duhlian dialect, also known as the Lusei, was the first language of Mizoram and has come to be known as the Mizo language.
The Cultural boundary of the people of Mizoram is mainly based on the tribal community who are popularly referred to as the Mizos. Though the Mizo people have lot of influences by the foreign intrusions they still strictly try to maintain their lifestyle and traditional culture without causing any harm to it. As a result of their rich cultural heritage the Mizo people celebrate lot of fairs and festivals.
Himalayan serow (Capricornis thar)
Mrs. Hume's pheasant (Syrmaticus humiae)
Red Vanda (Renanthera imschootiana)
Indian rose chestnut (Mesua ferrea)
1.Mizoram State Museum
2.Murlen National Park
5.Lianchhiari Lunglen Tlang
How to Reach
Lengpui Airport is the nearest airport to Aizawl and is well connected by flights from Kolkata, Guwahati and Imphal. Mizoram can also be reached from Kolkata via Silchar Airport which is 200 kms from Aizawl.
The closest railway stataion for Aizwal is Silchar in Assam. There are many trains from Guwahati also which take 19 hours to reach Aizwal.
Mizoram have a good road network and connects all the major cities and villages. Mizoram is connected to Silchar and Shillong through National Highway NH 54. NH-150 connects the state with Seling Mizoram to Imphal Manipur and NH-40A links the State with Tripura.