Sikkim

About

Sikkim is a state in northeast India, bordered by Bhutan, Tibet and Nepal. Part of the Himalayas, the area has a dramatic landscape that includes India?s highest mountain, 8,586m Kangchenjunga. Sikkim is one of the most beautiful places not just in the country, but in the entire world. Tourist attractions and places to visit in Sikkim include distant forgotten villages to verdant jungle trails, from frozen lakes to ancient monasteries. Whether you are an avid adventure enthusiast or just a weary traveller looking for a restful respite, there are ample things to do in Sikkim for everyone. Sikkim is also home to glaciers, alpine meadows and thousands of varieties of wildflowers. Steep paths lead to hilltop Buddhist monasteries such as Pemayangtse, which dates to the early 1700s.

History

Sikkim became the 22nd Indian State on 26 April 1975. On 16 May 1975, Sikkim officially became a state of the Indian Union and Lhendup Dorji became head of State (chief minister). The position of Chogyal was thus abolished, ending the monarchy. In 1982, Palden Thondup died of cancer in the United States.The history of Sikkim an area in present-day North-East India, began in 1642 a kingdom established when India and Nepal were still many princely states with many rulers at that time and had not unified to the present Union of India and present country of Nepal . At that time Sikkm had already solidified into country then with a king known as a Chogyal or dharma king and till 16 May 1975 was an independent country ruled by the monarchs. Sikkim had twelve kings Palden Thondup Namgyal was the last king of Independent Sikkim.There was contacts between ancient Hindus and Tibetans, followed by the establishment of a Buddhist kingdom or Chogyal in the 17th century. Sikkim emerged as a polity in its own right against a backdrop of incursions from Tibet and Bhutan, during which the kingdom enjoyed varying degrees of independence. In the early 18th century, the British Empire sought to establish trade routes with Tibet, leading Sikkim to fall under British suzerainty until independence in 1947. Initially, Sikkim remained an independent country, until it merged with India in 1975 after a decisive referendum. Many provisions of the Indian constitution had to be altered to accommodate the international treaties between Sikkim and India.

Language And Culture

Language Nepali is the lingua franca of Sikkim, while Sikkimese (Bhutia) and Lepcha are spoken in certain areas.English is also spoken and understood in most of Sikkim. Other languages include Dzongkha, Groma, Gurung, Limbu, Magar, Majhi, Majhwar, Nepal Bhasa, Rai, Sherpa, Sunuwar, Tamang, Thulung,Tibetan, and Yakha. Culture The People of Sikkim consist of three ethnic groups, that is, Lepcha, Bhutia and Nepali. Communities of different hues intermingle freely in Sikkim to constitute a homogenous blend. Hindu Temples coexist with Buddhist Monasteries, Churches, Mosque and Gurudwara. The predominant Communities are Lepchas, Bhutias and Nepalese. These myriad Cultures has produced a quintessential Sikkimese Culture that encompasses all ways and walk of life, but has also managed to preserve their own identity. These can also be seen in the various places of Worship, Festivals and Cultural dances that are celebrated through the year.

State symbols

State animal: Red panda (Ailurus fulgens) State bird: Blood pheasant (Ithaginis cruentus) State flower: Noble dendrobium (Dendrobium nobile) State tree: Rhododendron (Rhododendron niveum)

Top Attractions

1.Gangtok 2.Monasteries 3.Nathu La and Tsomgo Lake 4.Flora and Fauna Sanctuaries 5.Yuksom and the Dzongri Trail 6.Lachung, Lachen and Yumthang Valley 7.Pelling 8.Teesta River Rafting 9.Ravangla

Top Cities

1.Gangtok 2.Jorethang 3.Namchi 4.Rangpo

How to Reach

By Flight Nearest airport from Sikkim is Bagdogra Airport at a distance of 124 km. This airport is connected to major airport of India and Bangkok. Airline companies like Indian Airlines, Spice Jet, and Go Air etc are functional here. By Train The nearest railway station to Gangtok is about 148 kilometres away in New Jalpaiguri in Siliguri. The station is well-connected to major cities like Kolkata and New Delhi. From New Jalpaiguri you can take a taxi to Gangtok or go to Siliguri Bus Station and catch a state-run bus to Gangtok, which will take you about 5-6 hours. By Road Gangtok is at a distance of 114 km from Siliguri and will take 4 hours from Siliguri to reach Gangtok. Gangtok is connected by road with Darjeeling , Kalimpomg and all other cities in Bengal.