Uttar Pradesh is a state in northern India. Its city of Agra is home to the iconic Taj Mahal monument, a colossal, domed, white-marble mausoleum honouring the wife of 17th-century Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. Nearby are the red-brick walls of Agra Fort, a fortified palace dating to the 16th and 17th centuries. Taj Mahal is one of the Eight Wonders of the World, in Agra.
Uttar Pradesh is the largest producer of food grains in India and accounted for about 17.83 per cent share in the country?s total food grain output in 2016-17. Major food grains produced in the state include rice, wheat, maize, millet (bajra), gram, pea and lentils.
Uttar Pradesh ranks 10th among Indian states in rankings based on ease of doing business and 5th in complying with labour regulations, according to a study by The World Bank and KPMG.
Uttar Pradesh is considered as the cultural cradle of India. Uttar Pradesh has a rich historical heritage and it would not be wrong to state that the history of Uttar Pradesh plays a key role in defining the lifestyle of the present day Uttar Pradesh. The history of Uttar Pradesh is very old and fascinating and had a great impact on the Indian culture and civilization.
They laid the foundations their civilisation in the region. It was during the Aryan inhabitation in the region that epics of Mahabharata, Ramayana, Brahmanas and Puranas were written. The state is the heart of Mahabharata war. The Kosala Kingdom of Ayodhya is said to have been incarnated in the city of Mathura.
Uttar Pradesh history can be traced back to the period when the Aryans made their advent and started to establish settlements in what they called the "Madhyadesh" or the Central Country. Uttar Pradesh has been ruled by a number of kingdoms at different points in time. The rule of the Kosalas is of particular significance. King Dasaratha and his successor Ram were the illustrious rulers of the kingdom.It was sometime around the middle of the 1st millennium BC that Uttar Pradesh saw the advent of Lord Buddha and the spread of Buddhism. Around the time Lord Buddha delivered his first sermon in Sarnath, Uttar Pradesh was under the Magadha rule.
The historical background of Uttar Pradesh has a lot to do with the advent of the Muslim rule. The period witnessed the subjugation of the Rajputs whose power was confined to the a few pockets of Rajasthan. Uttar Pradesh reached the peak of prosperity during the Mughal rule, and particularly during the rule of Emperor Akbar. It's during the Mughal rule itself that Uttar Pradesh saw the construction of some of its most magnificent monuments whose names have been engraved in golden letters in the history of Uttar Pradesh. Uttar Pradesh also played a key role in the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857.
Language And Culture
Uttar Pradesh is the core of Hindi-Heartland that comprises states like Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan. Therefore it is but natural that Hindi is the Lingua Franka of this state. In fact, the accent that is spoken in Uttar Pradesh is the standard accent of the Hindi language. The second most spoken language is Hindustani.
The culture of Uttar Pradesh swears by its rich historical past. It is believed to be the land of the Nawabs, of Rama and Buddha, of Taj Mahal. It is synonymous with vibrant hues, delectable cuisine, timeless traditions, monumental heritage and astounding music. Uttar Pradesh is like a canvas painted in different colours. From the ancient ruins of Sarnath and Ayodhya, the holy waters of Allahabad, the architecture of Agra and Lucknow, the commercial hub of Kanpur and Moradabad, the royal Nawabs of Lucknow and the fantastic realms of Varanasi; Uttar Pradesh is the heart of incredible India.
Uttar Pradesh?s culture is intriguing and unique in its diversity; in fact, it can be said that Hindi and Urdu art, craft, dance, literature, music and poetry have seeped into the state and the microcosmic fabric of its cultural outlook has shaped Indian culture to a great extent. The reference to Uttar Pradesh as the ?cradle of Indian culture? is quite appropriate.
Barasingha (Rucervus duvaucelii)
Sarus crane (Grus antigone)
Palash (Butea monosperma)
Ashoka (Saraca asoca)
4.Kashi Vishwanath Temple
How to Reach
The state has four domestic airports at Lucknow, Agra, Kanpur and Varanasi. As the capital of Uttar Pradesh, Lucknow is well connected to the major cities of India like Kolkata, Patna, Delhi and Mumbai by domestic carriers as well as to the important tourist destinations of Khajuraho and Varanasi. Varanasi and Lucknow also serve as the international airports of Uttar Pradesh. Regular flights operate between Uttar Pradesh and other regions of the country.
The most convenient way of reaching Uttar Pradesh is through rail. Lucknow is the main junction of the northern network. Other important railway junctions are Agra, Kanpur, Allahabad, Mughalsarai, Jhansi, Moradabad, Varanasi, Tundla, Gorakhpur, Gonda, Faizabad, Bareilly and Sitapur. All the cities, towns and almost all the villages of Uttar Pradesh are connected by rail though the trains may vary from superfast to mail trains that halt at every little station on the line.
All parts of the state are connected to important cities of the country via national highways, state highways and district roads. State and private roadways buses operate on regular basis between Uttar Pradesh and other major regions of the country. Both Government and Private buses operate from major cities