Cumbum Lake, also referred to as Cumbum Tank, is located near the Cumbum town in the Prakasam district of Andhra Pradesh. It is built on Gundallakamma rivulet amidst the Nallamala Hills. It is 120m km away from Ongole, its district headquarters.
It is one of the oldest man-made lakes of Asia. It is believed that the lake was built by Sage Jamadagni at the enclosure between two hills of Nallamala range. But as per the history records, it was constructed by the King Gajapati of Orissa in 15th Century AD. Later, it was renovated by Princess Varadharajamma, wife of King Sri Krishnadevaraya of Vijayanagar.
The lake is about 7 km long and about 3.5 km wide. The Imperial Gazette of India, in the early 20th century, uplifted the height of the dam up to 57 feet and the drainage area at 430 square miles. The directly irrigated land was of about 10,300 acres in all.
The lake is accessible both by road and rail. It is one of the most exquisite valleys in Guntur-Guntakal section of South Central Railway. An unknown artist once made a water colour painting of Cumbum Tank on Gundallakamma River in 1794 which is still conserved at the British Library.
It is a great picnic spot to visit during weekends. This place is surrounded by lush green forests, scenic hills and a picturesque railway track.
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Hyderabad Airport is the nearest one, 320 km away from the lake and is well connected to major cities of India and abroad.
Nearest railway station is at Cumbum town, 13 km away and is well linked with major cities of the state.
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